Archive for the ‘Psychology & Human Nature’ Category

Self Tests by Psychology Today   Leave a comment

Motivation & Needs Test

194 questions, 30 min

Do you want to know your personal needs, the deep motivation that constantly drives your daily activities in your search for well-being and happiness?

This assessment, based on Murray’s Manifest Needs system, will establish your profile by comparing your results with those of thousands of people. This needs profile will help you know yourself better.

Remember, this needs test does not reflect mental health or intellectual capacity. It will provide a picture that is unique to you. Keep in mind that there are no wrong answers when taking this assessment. Rely on your first impression and go at your own pace.

After finishing the test, you will receive a Snapshot Report with an introduction, a graph and a personalized interpretation for one of your test scores. You will then have the option to purchase the full results.

via Self Tests by Psychology Today.

Personality Disorders – Psychopath vs Sociopath   14 comments

What is a Psychopath?  Is a Sociopath a Psychopath

January 25, 2012

Antisocial personality disorder is a legal/clinical label that may be applied to both psychopaths and sociopaths  (Walsh & Wu, 2008). There is some consensus that psychopathy is more of an innate phenomenon whereas sociopathy is more the result of environmental factors (poverty, exposure to violence, permissive or neglectful parenting, etc.)

Narcissistic, Antisocial, Borderline, and Histrionic Personality Disorders are clustered together and are mostly ego syn-tonic, that is to say that the individual does not  find their personality traits or behavior ‘unacceptable’. They regard everyone and everything as mere instruments of gratification. “Business’ as usual.

What is known about psychopaths is that genetically there are significant molecular differences in the brain. They may not have ‘asked’ to be the way they are, nonetheless, psychopaths are without  conscious and do not share feelings of empathy, remorse, or guilt like the rest of us do.

Personality disorders are rigid and enduring patterns of traits, emotions, and cognitions. A condition that permeates the entire development of the individual, their mental faculty of knowing, what is perceived, recognized, and understood; the higher mental process(es) of reason, judgment,  imagining  and level of intellectual capacity is an all-pervasive state of being, or in other words a condition that is lasting and not one that is episodic.

“Sociopath” is commonly used  interchangeably with “Psychopath” are Anti-Social Personality Disorders. The psychopath has antisocial traits but they are coupled with and enhanced by callousness, ruthlessness, extreme lack of empathy, deficient impulse control, deceitfulness, involved in criminal activities, are devious, manipulative sadistic and dangerous. They are also very charismatic and are experts at seeking out their targets, it’s what they do and they do it well.

There is a main distinction between Psychotic and Psychopathy. Psychosis is marked by chaotic thinking that is the result of a severely impaired reality (schizophrenia-paranoia and the like) they experience hallucinations and delusions and confuse the external universe with their inner emotions. Whereas those with an Anti-social Personality Disorder, such as a psychopath, are fully oriented with clear senses and possess a satisfactory fund of knowledge. They fail to grasp others as full-fledged entities; they are not concerned with you as a person with feelings. They feel no remorse when they hurt or defraud others.

The psychopath has no conscience or empathy. Psychopaths are vindictive, they hold grudges & never regret or forget a thing. Psychopaths are irresponsible,unreliable & believe themselves to be immune to the consequences of their own actions. They are driven & dangerous. They are impulsive, reckless, aggressive, violent,  and irritable.

Psychopaths rationalize their (often criminal) behavior and intellectualize it.  They are abusively exploitative and incapable of true love or intimacy. They habitually lie, steal others’ identities, deceive, use aliases, and con for “personal profit or pleasure”. They exhibit a selfish, self-centered personality trait with an emotional detachment.

The capacity to feel attachment and empathy towards another and to feel guilt and shame after doing something wrong is not associated with psychopathy; however it is suggested that sociopaths can emotionally attach to others, and feel badly when they hurt  individuals that they are attached to. The sociopath will still lack empathy and attachment toward the
greater society and will not feel guilt in harming a stranger, or rebelling against laws, but he does not lack empathy entirely, as is typical with the psychopath.

The last main difference between psychopathy and sociopathy is in the presentation. The psychopath is callous, yet charming. He or she will con and manipulate others with charisma and intimidation and can effectively mimic feelings to present as “normal” to society. The psychopath is keenly aware that what he or she is doing is wrong, but does not care.

References

http://samvak.tripod.com/personalitydisorders69.html
http://blogs.psychcentral.com/forensic-focus/2010/07/sociopathy-vs-psychopathy/

Posted January 25, 2012 by Hot Tall Blonde in Psychology & Human Nature

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What Is Self-Expression with Accountability?   Leave a comment

Self-expression with accountability describes a way of expressing with fairness and integrity how we think and feel, without being accusatory, judgmental, or abusive.

Accountability is an honest claiming of what is going on for us underneath the words or actions that we are confronting. It is not a defensive reaction, a counter attack, a manipulation, a lie, a withdrawal, or a denial. For self-expression to have accountability, it must first have a confrontation, either of ourselves confronting ourselves, of another confronting us, or of us confronting another. Always, we must first confront ourselves to discover what’s going on for us before we can be accountable and before we can confront another. I will illustrate how accountability takes discipline, courage, commitment, and brains.

Having said this, we need to note that in our communication system, when a message is received, the first thing that happens to us once the message is registered, is that we have a reaction to it. This reaction is spontaneous and automatic. Reactions have emotional feelings attached to them that have been shaped by our past experiences, our present experience, our anticipated experiences, and our degree of investment in the information. In other words, messages that trigger reactions go through our system with a “charge”, positive, negative, or indifferent. This charge is not ours to edit or control. Reactions are to be registered as the first source of personal data relative to the information. They “inform” us and it is for us to discover what they are telling us. We must ask , “What is our relationship to this message and why is it triggering this reaction?” Therefore, right here at this initial stage, the integrity of our system can be violated if we do not confront ourselves to reflect on our reaction and its “charge”. Read the rest of this entry »

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